The original complaint against Sovereign Grace Ministries and eight defendants was filed on October 17, 2011. It has now been amended and expanded. It was re-filed on January 11, 2012.
When I posted the original complaint, I included the following introduction. I think it is still relevant though additional evidence has obvious come forth.
“Just a few introductory remarks before you read the lawsuit. No one should presume the guilt or innocence of any of these men. Each one will need to defend himself. Guilt or innocence will vary from man to man.
“Furthermore, no one should presume these charges are true or false. Each one must be tried. Plaintiffs will prosecute - defendants will defend. Both will be cross examined under sworn testimony.
“I pray all false charges are tossed out and all true charges upheld. I hope that pastors are vindicated per the evidence and victims are justified per the evidence. This is all very serious when you consider C.J. Mahaney, who is President of SGM, and John Loftness, who is Chairman of the Board, are both cited in the lawsuit.” (Brent Detwiler, “Copy of Lawsuit Brought Against Sovereign Grace Ministries and Eight Defendants,” October 18, 2012)
Here are some important takeaways from the amended and expanded complaint.
Five pseudonymous plaintiffs are added to the original three.
- PAULA POE
- CARLA COE
- GRACE COE
- KAREN KOE
- KARL KOE
The judge assigned to the case has been named: the Hon. Sharon V. Burrell.
Three institutional defendants are added to Sovereign Grace Ministries.
- Covenant Life Church, Inc.
- Covenant Life School, Inc.
- Sovereign Grace Church of Fairfax
Two individual defendants are added to existing eight.
- Mark Mullery
- Vince Hinders
A net total 28 charges are added (goes from 115 to 143).
Material issues added to the lawsuit:
- The physical abuse of children
- Sexual abuse occurred on church premises and at church events
- Sexual predators were negligently hired as employees
- PAULA POE repeatedly sexually assaulted by a pastor/teacher and children’s ministry worker
- A pedophilia ring operated at Covenant Life Church and Covenant Life School
- CARLA COE was repeatedly abused (not sexually) by Larry Tomczak and co-conspirators
- KARL COE repeatedly sexually molested by the male son of a Church pastor.
It is very difficult to read these charges. I served on the SGM Board of Directors when all these alleged incidences occurred. Not one of them was ever brought to my attention. That amounts to a cover-up in my opinion. I should have been told.
I have always taught and counseled those who are victims of sexual or physical abuse to contact the police. It is the most loving thing you can do for the abusers. They will not stop unless severe consequences are introduced but that is no easy decision in some circumstances. Victims need the support of pastors in making such tough decisions.
Why? It can be gutting wrenching to send off a husband, father, child or sibling to be incarcerated. That itself often brings additional trials upon the victims – e.g. the loss of income, shame, isolation, etc. In such cases, the church must provide extraordinary support.
Furthermore, I have counseled pastors to advise the church of known sex abusers in their midst. That is not a fun assignment but it is necessary in order to arm parents so they can protect their children from juvenile and adult predators.
Thankfully, I’ve only been involved in a couple of such cases over the years. The victimizers went to jail but were helped as a result. One wrote me many times thanking me for the action.
IN MONTGOMERY COUNTY CIRCUIT COURT, MARYLAND
JANE DOE (pseudonym), JURY DEMAND
NORMA NOE (pseudonym),
ROBIN ROE (pseudonym),
PAULA POE (pseudonym),
CARLA COE (pseudonym),
GRACE GOE (pseudonym),
KAREN KOE (pseudonym),
KARL KOE (pseudonym),
Plaintiffs and Class Representatives, Case No. 369721-V
Judge: Hon. Sharon V. Burrell
SOVEREIGN GRACE MINISTRIES, INC.
7505 Muncaster Mill Rd
Gaithersburg, MD 20877
COVENANT LIFE CHRUCH, INC.
7505 Muncaster Mill Rd.
Gaithersburg, MD 20877
COVENANT LIFE SCHOOL, INC.
7505 Muncaster Mill Rd.
Gaithersburg, MD 20877
SOVEREIGN GRACE CHURCH OF FAIRFAX
5200 Ox Rd.
Fairfax, VA 22030
CHARLES JOSEPH MAHANEY
20911 Lochaven Court
Gaithersburg, MD 20882-4467
404 Sanders Lane
Gaithersburg, MD 20877-3410
DAVID HINDERS RECEIVED
5328 Ox Road JAN 11, 2013
Fairfax, VA 22030-4606 Clerk of the Circuit Court
Montgomery County, Md.
9663 Mason Bluff Court
Burke, VA 22012-3148
4113 Leafy Glade Place
Casselberry, FL 32707-5286
3005 Arden Forest Lane
Bowie, MD 20716-3821
20305 Oyster Bay Terrace
Montgomery Village, MD 20996-5908
1312 Wolverton Drive
Franklin, TN 37067-6523
10606 Henrico Street
Fairfax, VA 22032
5587 Ann Peake Drive
Fairfax, VA 22032
CLASS ACTION COMPLAINT AND JURY DEMAND
1. Plaintiffs and the Class were seriously harmed by Sovereign Grace Ministries, Inc., Covenant Life Church, Inc., Covenant Life School, Inc. and the individual Defendants. The facts show that certain individual Defendants and other predators not named repeatedly physically and sexually abused children. Although these facts were known to Defendants, they cared more about protecting its financial and institutional standing than about protecting children, its most vulnerable members. Defendants failed to stop repeated and ongoing sexual predation occurring at SGM churches and organization, including Covent Life Church and Covenant Life School. Defendants failed to report know incidences of sexual predation to law enforcement, encouraged parents to refrain from reporting the assaults to law enforcement, and interposed themselves between the parents of the victims and law enforcement in order to mislead law enforcement into believing the parents had “forgiven” those who preyed on their children. Defendants’ acts and omissions were not isolated events. Defendants’ repeated acts and omissions created a culture in which sexual predators were protected from accountability, and victims were silenced.
2. This action arises under common law of Maryland.
3. Paula Poe is a female who was repeatedly sexually assaulted during her childhood at the School at CLC and a various church events convened in Maryland. Due to the nature of the lawsuit, she wishes to us the pseudonym Paula Poe to keep her identity confidential. Paul Poe brings this action on her own and on behalf of those similarly situated.
4. Carla Coe is a female who was repeatedly abused by Defendant Tomczak, primarily in Maryland and Virginia. Due to the nature of the lawsuit, she wished to use the pseudonym Carla Coe to keep her identity confidential. Carla Coe brings this action on her behalf of those similarly situated.
5. Grace Goe is a female who, along with her siblings, was repeatedly abused by her father while residing in Maryland. When she sought assistance from Defendants to stop the ongoing physical and sexual abuse, they failed to assist the girls, failed to report the ongoing abuse to the secular authorities, and instead alerted the abuser to his daughter’s please for aid. Due to the nature of the lawsuit, she wished to use the pseudonym Grace Goe to keep her identity confidential. Grace Goe brings this action on her own behalf and on behalf of those similarly situated.
6. Karen Koe and Karl Koe are brother and sister, both of whom were sexually assaulted as children residing in Virginia. Due to he nature of the lawsuit, they wish to sue the pseudonyms Karen Koe and Karl Koe to keep their identities confidential. They this action on their own behalf and on behalf of those similarly situated.
7. Jane Doe is a female high-school student residing in Virginia who was sexually
assaulted when she was three years old. Due to the nature of the lawsuit, she wishes to use the pseudonym Jane Doe to keep her identity confidential. Jane Doe brings this action on her own behalf and on behalf of those similarly situated.
8. Norma Noe is a 22-year old female college student residing in Maryland who was sexually assaulted when she was two years old. Due to the nature of the lawsuit, she wishes to use the pseudonym Norma Noe to keep her identity confidential. Norma Noe brings this action on her own behalf and on behalf of those similarly situated.
9. Robin Roe is a young woman residing in Maryland whose sister was sexually assaulted by a pedophiliac stepfather. Due to the nature of the lawsuit, she wishes to use the pseudonym Robin Roe to keep her identity confidential. Robin Roe brings this action on her own behalf and on behalf of those similarly situated.
10. Defendant Sovereign Grace Ministries, Inc. (“the Church” or “SGM”) operates in 21 countries and the United States. SGM is located at 7505 Muncaster Mill Road, Gaithersburg, MD 20877, and at 2002 Fandango Court, Louisville, KY 40245. The Church is a nonprofit organized under Maryland law. SGM includes and operates Sovereign Grace Church Fairfax at 5200 Ox Road, Fairfax, VA 22030, Covenant Life Church, at 7501 Muncaster Mill Rd, Gaithersburg, MD 20877, and numerous other churches in the United States and abroad. During timeframe at issue in this lawsuit, the SGM generated substantial revenues in Maryland and elsewhere by planting churches, training leader, holding conferences, operating the “Pastors College,” selling books, music and audio products, and owning real estate in this District and elsewhere.
11. Defendant Covenant Life Church (“CLC”) is located at 7505 Muncaster Mill Road, Gaithersburg, MD 20877. CLC is a nonprofit organized under Maryland law and operates in Maryland. At all times relevant to the allegations in this lawsuit, CLC was part of SGM. During timeframe at issue in this lawsuit, CLC generated substantial revenues in Maryland and elsewhere by planting churches, training leader, holding conferences, operating the “Pastors College,” selling books, music and audio products, and owning real estate in this District and elsewhere.
12. Defendant Sovereign Grace Church of Fairfax (“Fairfax Church”) is located at 5200 Ox Road, Fairfax, VA 22030. At all times relevant to the allegations in this lawsuit, the Fairfax Church was part of SGM. During timeframe at issue in this lawsuit, the Fairfax Church generated substantial revenues that were sent to Maryland, and worked in collaboration with SGM and CLC to plant churches, train leaders, hold conferences, operate the “Pastors College,” sell books, music and audio products.
13. Defendant Covenant Life School (“School) is located at 7501 Muncaster Mill Road, Gaithersburg, MD 20879. The School is a nonprofit organized under Maryland law and operates in Maryland. The School began in 1979, and has graduated 225 students. The School’s current enrollment is 260 children. The School provides an education based on the Church’s philosophy in exchanged for tuition payments. The School is controlled by the Church. Defendant Charles Joseph (“C.J.”) Mahaney resides at 20911 Lochaven Court, Gaithersburg, MD 20882-4467. Together with Defendant Tomczak, he founded SGM in 1982. He presently serves as President of the SGM.
14. Defendant Lawrence Tomczak resides at 1312 Wolverton Drive, Franklin, TN 37067-6523. Together with Defendant Mahaney, Defendant Tomczak founded the SGM in 1982 and was personally involved in the events that led to this lawsuit, including but not limited to, the abuse of Carla Coe.
15. Defendant John Loftness resides at 3005 Arden Forest Lane, Bowie, MD 20716-3821. He presently serves as Chairman of the Board of SGM and was personally involved in the events that led to this lawsuit.
16. Defendant Grant Layman resides at 20305 Oyster Bay Terrace, Montgomery Village, MD 20886-5908. He is employed by SGM and was personally involved in the events that led to this lawsuit.
17. Defendant Gary Ricucci resides at 404 Sanders Lane, Gaithersburg, MD 208773410. He is employed by the Church and was personally involved in the events that led to this lawsuit.
18. Defendant David Hinders resides at 5328 Ox Road, Fairfax, VA 22030-4606. He is employed by SGM and was personally involved in the events that led to this lawsuit.
19. Defendant Louis Gallo resides at 9663 Mason Bluff Court, Burke, VA 22015-3148. He is employed by SGM and was personally involved in the events that led to this lawsuit.
20. Defendant Frank Ecelbarger resides at 4113 Leafy Glade Place, Casselberry, FL 32707-5286. He is employed by SGM and was personally involved in the events that led to this lawsuit.
21. Defendant Mark Mullery resides at 1606 Henrico Street, Fairfax VA 22302. He is employed by SGM and was personally involved in the events that led to this lawsuit.
22. Defendant Vince Hinders resides 5587 Ann Peake Drive, Fairfax VA 22302. He is employed by SGM and was personally involved in the events that led to this lawsuit.
23. The Individual Defendants not presently living in Maryland (Tomczak, D. Hinders, V. Hinders, Gallo, Ecelbarger) engaged in a persistent course of conduct in the State of Maryland, and have purposefully availed themselves of the privilege of conducting activities in the State of Maryland. Among other things, each non-resident Individual Defendant participated in setting policies and procedures for Sovereign Grace Ministries, Inc., and Covenant Life Church, which operated in Maryland. Upon information and belief, each non-resident Individual Defendant also visited Maryland for training, consultation and other business activities and engaged in a persistent course of conduct in Maryland such that personal jurisdiction over each Individual Defendant is consistent with due process and Maryland law.
24. Since beginning operations, the institutional Defendants constantly engage in the care of members’ children. Among other things, the Defendants operated a school, directed the establishment of home schooling groups, arranged for and provided day care to permit members to attend services, and arranged for babysitting during multiple weekly Home/Care meetings. According to Defendants’ own admission, it was responsible for more than 250 children at the School and 800 children in the CLC youth ministry, and many hundreds of others elsewhere in youth ministries and church school settings.
25. Defendants failed to take the necessary steps to ensure the safety of children under its care, such as requiring that pastors be licensed or ordained. Defendants negligently hired sexual predators, failed to supervise those who were placed in direct control over children, failed to adopt any processes or polices to deal with sexual predation, and failed to train adequately those placed in direct control over children.
26. During the time frame at issue in this lawsuit, Defendants SGM and CLC operated the School and youth ministries. In addition, Defendants operated through a “Home Group" structure and required members to attend a Home Group meeting each week in various residential premises. The individual Defendants, acting on behalf of SGM and/or CLC, implemented Defendants’ policies and practices through regular weekly teachings, books, and audio tapes conditioning members to follow “spiritual leaders.” The Church directed members to unquestioningly “obey” the Church in all matters, including methods of parenting, place of residence and employment.
27. Defendants learned about multiple instances of sexual and physical abuse of children by receiving credible reports directly from victims and from a number of different Church members. Defendants also learned of sexual and physical predation by admissions made in non-confessional settings by perpetrators.
28. To date, Defendants have never taken any steps to investigate the extent of physical and sexual abuse of children occurring on Defendants’ premises and during Defendants’ proceedings, such as Home Group and Celebration. Defendants failed to alert law enforcement authorities, and failed to take any steps whatsoever to protect children from physical and sexual abuse.
29. Instead, Defendants taught members to fear and distrust all secular authorities, and expressly directed members not to contact law enforcement to report sexual and physical assaults on children. Defendants gave guidance to members on how best to prevent secular authorities from observing bruising and other physical indicia of abuse. This practices has not stopped, as is evidenced by teachings as communications as recent as August 2011. On those occasions when Defendants were not successful in persuading the parents of the victim to refrain from contacting law enforcement, Defendants interfered with the administration of justice by tipping off the sexual predators that they had been reported to law enforcement.
30. Defendants provided sexual predators with free legal advice and counsel on how to evade accountability, and repeatedly worked with sexual predators to mislead law enforcement. Defendants were willing to, and did, make false statements to law enforcement officials and in courts of law in its efforts to protect sexual predators.
31. Upon information and belief, the Defendants never initiated contact with the police or any other secular authority when it learned of sexual predation occurring under its auspices. Instead, the Defendants concealed the ongoing sexual predation in order to avoid any financial or reputational harms to the Church. Defendants admitted that it placed such harms over the well-being of the vulnerable children in its care, claiming “[t]hat is our responsibility to protect the Church from harm, and that includes a lawsuit against the Church.”
32. Defendants forbade members from discussing sexual predation, which created additional opportunities for sexual predation to occur, as sexual predators repeat their conduct unless detected and incarcerated.
33. Defendants refused to alert members to the presence of known and convicted pedophiles, instead relying on such persons to “self-report” to church members and instead were participating in church events involving children. Defendants permitted and, as reasonable discovery will show, is continuing to permit, known pedophiles to interact with children without advising the parents of these interactions. For example, Defendants have permitted one known pedophile to homeschool children at his house, and has permitted another to attend a children’s camping trip.
34. Defendants exacerbated the harm to the innocent victims of sexual predation by forcing them (some as young as 2 and 3 years old) to meet and “forgive” their sexual predators. These sessions re-traumatized the victims and their parents.
35. In the majority of instances of sexual predation, Defendants managed to silence the parents of the child victims, and effectively prevented the involvement of law enforcement. Defendants retaliated against those parents who refused to participate in the Defendants efforts to assist sexual predators evade secular accountability. Defendants engaged in a series of coercive and retaliatory acts designed to isolate and harm, including threatening families’ financial well-being, threatening expulsion from the church, and threatening legal action against victims and their families.
36. Defendants misled its members by making a series of false statements designed to allay concerns about the ongoing sexual predation. During a meeting held on August 17, 2011, the Church claimed – falsely – that there had only been two incidents of sexual predation when the Church knew the number was far greater.
FACTS REGARDING PAUL POE
37. Paula Poe attended the School and services at CLC beginning in kindergarten until her family moved away from Gaithersburg, Maryland. Paul Poe was repeatedly sexually assaulted by two men. The primary perpetrator was a pastor and teacher. The secondary perpetrator was children’s ministry worker.
38. On multiple occasions, the two perpetrators, acting concert, had Poe strip, and sexually molested her. There sexual molestations occurred on the School and Church premises, and at Church events, such as picnics.
39. On multiple other occasions, the primary perpetrator sexually molested Paula Poe at the School and Church events.
40. On one occasion, the secondary perpetrator sexually molested Paula Poe outdoors during a Church picnic.
41. Upon information and belief, Paula Poe was not the only victim of this pedophilia ring operating with the School and Church.
42. Upon information and belief, the pedophilia’s ring’s victims included children who subsequently went on to prey upon other younger children.
FACTS REGARDING CARLA COE
43. Carla Coe was repeatedly assaulted by Defendant Tomczak and his co-conspirators during a 25-year period spaning her childhood and young adulthood. Defendant Tomczak assaulted Carla Coe with his hands, as well as with various instruments, including but not limited to, plastic and wooden sticks.
44. On multiple occasions, including occasions after Carla Coe reached the age of majority, Defendant Tomczak forced Carla Doe to strip out of her clothing against her will, and be beaten on her bare buttocks. Defendant Tomczak continued to engage in this forced undressing and beating of Carla Coe until she fled and escaped from the abuse.
45. On several occasions, Defendant Tomczak imprisoned Carla Coe and denied her food for extended periods of time.
46. Defendant Tomczak verbally admitted on one or more occasions to the individual Defendants and to the Church that he abused Carla Coe. No one reported the beatings to the secular authority.
47. The assaults by Defendant Tomczak and his co-conspirator’s assault primarily occurred in Maryland and Virginia.
FACTS REGARDING GRACE GOE
48. Grace Goe was physically and sexually abused by her father when she was a minor and living in Maryland. Grace Goe’s father repeatedly beat her on her naked buttocks so harshly that she bled and bruised. Her father would then submerge her into an ice bath to hide the physical manifestation of the beatings.
49. Grace Goe’s father also repeatedly sexually abused her, making her rub his feet, which he then inserted into her vagina.
50. Grace Goe’s father engaged in the physical and sexual abuse towards the other children, including the male children who penises he repeatedly fondled.
51. Grace God and her older female sibling reported the fact of the abuse to Defendant CLC, seeking protection from their father. Grace Goe and her sibling met with Defendants Ricucci and Layman, and explained the severity of the abuse.
52. Rather than report the ongoing abuse to the secular authorities, Defendants informed the father that his children had reported the abuse. This led to further abuse by the father.
FACTS REGARDING KARL KOE
53. Karl Koe was seven years old when he was repeatedly sexually molested (approximately ten times) by the male son of a Church pastor.
54. The perpetrator (then aged approximately 12 or 13) molested Karl Koe in multiple locations, including the bathroom at Church. The perpetrator engaged in multiple unwanted sexual acts, including kissing Karl Koe and fondling his penis.
55. After Karl Koe informed his parents that he had been molested, his parents advised Defendants Ecelbarger, Gallo, Mullery and V. Hinders, as well as others, of the molestation. Defendants failed to report the molestation to the secular authorities. Defendant V. Hinders misrepresented to the parents of Karl Koe that the Church had taken care of the matter by requiring the perpetrator to attend a different church service than Karl Koe.
56. Defendants, including the pastor father of the predator, failed to take any steps whosever to prevent the juvenile sexual predator from preying upon other children. Defendants continued to permit the juvenile sexual predator to have unfettered access to child on Church premises and during Church activities, such as Home Group and Celebration.
57. Upon information and belief, the juvenile perpetrator may have been one of the victims of the pedophilia ring operating at the School prior to sexually molesting Karl Koe.
FACTS REGARDING KAREN KOE
58. Karen Koe was sexually molested by a juvenile sexual predator when she was eight years old.
59. Karen Koe did not tell her parents about her molestation until some years later. At that point, her parents alerted Defendants and also alerted the police.
60. Karen Koe’s parent learned that the juvenile sexual predator who had molested their daughter had been initially charged with raping a minor, and subsequently served time in juvenile detention. Although this fact was known to Defendants, they permitted the juvenile sexual predator unfettered access to children.
61. Defendants refused to cooperate with the prosecuting secular authorities, who successfully prosecuted and convicted the juvenile sexual predator on felony charges. Defendant Gallo took steps to obstruct justice, including but not limited to making misrepresentations.
62. Between August 1998 and March 1999, a church member repeatedly sexual assaulted and sexually molested Jane Doe. Jane Doe was three years old at the time of the sexual assaults and repeated sexual assaults. She was living in Woodbridge, Virginia.
63. On or about March 15, 1999, the mother of the perpetrator told the Defendants in a non-confessional setting that that her son had been repeatedly sexually molesting Jane Doe. She told Defendants Ecelbarger, Phillips, Hinders, Gallo, and perhaps others that her son had admitted to these crimes.
64. Upon learning of the crimes, the Defendants failed to report the crimes to the secular authorities. Instead, the Church engaged in a lengthy pattern of fraud and deception to try to prevent anyone from learning the full extent of the ongoing criminal activity.
65. Defendants directed the parents of Jane Doe -- church officials who ran a Home Group -- to remain silent about the sexual assault and assault, and refrain from alerting other members of the church to the ongoing predation of their three-year old daughter.
66. Defendants sought to persuade the parents of Jane Doe to refrain from reporting the crimes and involving social services.
67. Defendants did nothing to prevent the perpetrator from babysitting at other church functions or otherwise having contact with other children.
68. Defendants interfered with the administration of justice by repeatedly interviewing the perpetrator, and working with him and his mother to determine how best to prevent any prosecution and publicity regarding his criminal sexual deviance.
69. Defendants misled secular authorities into believing that it was providing “accountability measures” to ensure that the perpetrator was not permitted access to his siblings or other children. In fact, the Defendants did not put any “accountability measures” in place, but instead permitted a known child molester to frequent the “children’s ministry” without any supervision, babysit children of members, and otherwise interact with children at church events, including a weekend retreat, without any supervision whatsoever.
70. Defendants lied to the parents of Jane Doe, telling them that they would ensure that the parents were kept informed of all court dates. In fact, Defendants, working with the perpetrator and his mother, lied and misled the parents in order to prevent them from attending court appearances and filing a victim impact statement.
71. Defendants lied to the public authorities, representing that they were speaking on behalf of the parents of Jane Doe, and falsely claiming that the parents did not wish to participate in the court proceedings regarding the sexual assault and sexual molestation of Jane Doe.
72. Defendants made a series of misrepresentations to their church members to ensure that they did not learn that the perpetrator had been raping Jane Doe.
73. Defendants did not take any steps whatsoever to protect other children from sexual predation by a known sexual predator.
FACTS REGARDING NORMA NOE
74. On or about March 17, 1993, a church member sexually molested Norma Noe. Norma Noe was two years old at the time of the sexual assault and living in Gaithersburg, Maryland.
75. The parents of Norma Noe learned of the abuse the day after it occurred. They immediately called the police and reported the assault. After calling the police, they contacted Defendant Loftness. He immediately advised the parents “do not call the police.” When the parents of Norma Noe advised Defendant Loftness that they had already called the police, he expressed his displeasure (stating “that is going to be a problem”), and explained that such matters were handled internally by the church leadership, not by secular authorities.
76. Defendants, acting through Defendant Loftness, immediately interfered with the administration of justice by tipping off the perpetrator that the parents had reported his sexual predation to the police. Defendant Loftness also took steps to ensure that other church members in the neighborhood were not alerted to the crime.
77. Defendant Loftness continued to interfere with the impartial administration of justice. Defendant Loftness “obtained” a confession from the predator, and began to serve as an intermediary between the police and the predator in order to control and prevent the dissemination of information to other families whose children were at risk of predation.
78. Defendants required the parents of Norma Noe to bring Norma Noe to a meeting to be “reconciled” with her predator. When Norma Noe (who had just turned three) was brought into the same room with her predator, she was visibly scared and crawled under the chair. The “reconciliation” meeting created additional damage to Norma Noe, already traumatized by the initial abuse, and traumatized the parents of Norma Noe.
79. Defendant Loftness involved Defendants Ricucci and Layman to assist him in disseminating false and misleading information to the police and to church members.
80. Defendants did not take any steps whatsoever to learn the extent of sexual predation by the predator, such as advising the police that the predator had been charged with the care of numerous toddlers in his role as a Home Group babysitter. The parents of other children exposed to the predator were never advised of the sexual assault, and never counseled to be alert for signs of trauma in their children.
81. Defendants advised the parents of Norma Noe that they were required to remain completely silent about who had committed the assault, and thus refrain from providing other members of the Church information needed to protect their own children from the sexual predation.
82. Defendants required the parents of Norma Noe to refrain from telling any other church members the name of the sexual predator who had sexual assaulted their three-year old daughter.
83. Defendants knowingly permitted the sexual predator to continue to participate, unsupervised, in church activities with children despite his conviction for molesting Norma Noe.
84. Defendants withheld information from the parents of Norma Noe about the assault that the Church had obtained directly from the predator.
85. Defendants misled the parents in order to prevent them from attending court appearances and filing a victim impact statement.
86. Upon information and belief, the juvenile perpetrator who molested Norma Noe may have previously been a victim of the pedophilia ring operating at the School.
FACTS REGARDING ROBIN ROE
87. Plaintiff Robin Roe’s adoptive father (“Parental Pedophile”) is a sexual deviant who sexually abused her older sister for three and one-half years. His criminal conduct was discovered by Robin Roe’s mother on or about November 2, 1987. Parental Pedophile was and remains a member of the Church.
88. Defendants actions taken after discovering her adoptive father's pedophilia permanently harmed Robin Roe. Robin Roe’s mother reported Parental Pedophile’s sexual abuse of her 11-year old daughter to the Church leader Dave Mays, who in turn immediately reported the abuse to Defendant Ricucci, and later reported the abuse to Defendant Loftness.
89. Defendants did not report the matter to the police or any other law enforcement authorities, as they were required to do. Instead, acting through Defendant Ricucci, the Church directed Robin Roe’s mother to let them “take care of everything.” Robin Roe’s mother wanted counseling for the victim and herself, but Defendant Ricucci told Robin Roe’s mother that they did not want her to go to a counselor because counselors had a duty to report abuse. Rather than assisting the victims, the Church retained a lawyer for the sexual predator.
90. Defendant worked with him and intervened repeatedly on his behalf to try to lessen the consequences for his criminality. Defendants interposed themselves between law enforcement authorities and the family members, and falsely claimed that they were acting on the family’s behalf. Defendants even suggested to Robin Roe’s mother that she send Robin Roe’s sister, the victim, out of the house in order to “bring” the predator home as “head of the household.”
91. Defendants took steps to prevent Robin Roe from alerting others in the church community about her stepfather’s sexual predation. After Robin Roe confided in one friend, another church member, about the Parental Pedophile’s abuse of her sister, Defendants acted to prevent Robin Roe from remaining within the church community.
92. As a result of the Church’s conduct and misrepresentations, Robin Roe was not cared for by loving and responsible adults, but instead was incarcerated in a juvenile half-way house with criminal juveniles.
93. Defendants obstructed the investigation and the pursuit of justice. Defendants interfered with interactions with the secular authorities. Defendants warned Robin Roe’s mother that her means of financial support would disappear if Parental Pedophile was convicted. Defendants intervened with the State in support of the Parental Pedophile, and otherwise supported his defense efforts contrary to the wishes of the victim and her mother.
94. After Robin Roe’s mother refused to acquiesce in Defendants’ attempt to obstruct justice, Defendants dropped all pretense of support, and expelled the family from the Church. Defendants also effectively expelled the children from school by denying them the reduced tuition that the family had received for over ten years. Defendants told Robin Roe’s mother that the family’s financial destitution was self-induced because she was refusing to cooperate.
95. The secular authorities prosecuted and incarcerated Parental Pedophile. During the incarceration, Defendants continuously intervened on his behalf, trying to reduce his sentence. When the Parental Pedophile was released from incarceration, Defendants continuously intervened with the secular authorities in supporting his effort to obtain custody of the children.
96. Plaintiffs seek to certify this action as a class. Representative Plaintiffs, acting in the interest of others similarly situated, allege that there is a class of male and female persons harmed by Defendants’ negligent and intentional misconduct in hiring and failing to supervise sexual predators, concealing, tolerating, failing to report allegations of physical and sexual abuse. Defendants’ negligence created an environment conductive to and protective of the physical and sexual abuse of children.
97. Certification of a class is permitted here under Rule 2-231 of the Code of Maryland because the prerequisites have been met. Joinder of all members of the class is impracticable for two reasons: there are too many members, and they seek anonymity given the facts. There are questions of law and fact common to the class which predominates over any question affecting only individual members and a class action is superior to other available methods for the fair and efficient adjudication of the controversy. Plaintiffs’ claims are typical of the class claims, and plaintiffs will fairly adequately protect the interests of the class.
98. The Plaintiff Class is defined as those who were minors attending Church and School events, and who were abused by Defendants or as a result of Defendants’ acts and omissions.
99. Discovery is needed to ascertain the size of the class, but based on the number of persons contacting putative class counsel, a class is needed for efficient adjudication. Many of the victims are not willing to come forward in a public setting as a result of the nature of harms done to them. Two examples are provided here: First, a young girl was repeatedly sexually abused by her father, a member of the SGM church located in Fairfax, Virginia. When the girl reached the age of ten, she told her mother about the ongoing and long-standing sexual abuse. The mother immediately contacted Defendants.
100. Defendants directed the mother to remain completely silent about the father's repeated incestuous sexual assaults, and to refrain from reporting the pedophilia to the police or other authorities.
101. The Church directed the mother to refrain advising other members of the church of her husband’s sexually-deviant behavior. When the mother turned to her friends (fellow SGM members) for support, Defendants reprimanded her for the sin of “gossiping.”
102. Defendants required the family to undergo pastoral counseling. During the counseling, Defendants told the mother that she was a “sinner,” and directed her to refrain from seeking any outside counseling for herself or her daughter. Defendants also told the 10-year old victim that she was a “sinner” for having been victimized.
103. Defendants blamed the mother for the father’s pedophilia and instructed her to engage in sex with her husband more frequently to prevent him from “being tempted.”
104. Defendants instructed the mother to place a lock on the inside of her daughter's door, and have the daughter lock it from the inside each night to keep the father from assaulting the child.
105. Defendants knew the abuse was ongoing and that the father was not going to turn himself into the authorities, yet they directed the mother to refrain from reporting the crimes or otherwise involving any civil authorities.
106. Defendants withheld information about the abuse from other church members.
107. Defendants continued to allow this pedophiliac to attend church events that put him in unsupervised contact with other minors.
108. Defendants disseminated the false information that sexual deviants who molest their own children are unlikely to molest non-family members.
109. Second, a child was molested by a person of the same sex. The parents immediately advised Defendants of this attack. Defendants told the parents that the sexual predator had been caught molesting several other children on occasions in the past. Defendants did not report the sexaul predator to the authority or take any other step to prtect children in their cares. Instead, Defendants merely required the parents and the vicim to attend a session in which the sexual predator "apologized" for the attack.
110. Defendants directed the parents and victim to refrain from telling anyone about the attack because the predator “repented.” As a result of the attack and subsequent cover-up, the victim suffered serious mental after-effects, including but not limited to suicidal ideation.
111. Defendants have conspired repeatedly to permit sexual predators to evade detection and prosecution. Defendants have abused the positions of trust and subjected defenseless children to life-changing crimes.
112. Defendants’ repeated misconduct and/or negligence breaches duties owed to Representative Plaintiffs and the Plaintiff Class, and harmed and continues to harm the Representative Plaintiffs and the Plaintiff Class in wholly foreseeable ways.
113. Defendants’ negligence caused Representative Plaintiffs and the Plaintiff Class Members severe emotional distress as well as financial distress arising from the need for treatment and inability to function to an optimum capacity.
114. Defendants’ negligence caused harm to Representative Plaintiffs and to the Plaintiff Class.
COUNT I — NEGLIGENCE
115. All the foregoing allegations are hereby incorporated by reference in their entirety.
116. Defendants, individually and through their actual and or apparent agents, servants and/or employees, owed Representative Plaintiffs and the Plaintiff Class a duty to exercise reasonable care to protect them from predators and report abuse to law enforcement when it was found to have occurred under the auspices of the Church or by Church officials.
117. Defendants are liable for the sexual violence that happened in their ranks because they acted in reckless and grossly negligent fashion with complete disregard for the safety of children entrusted into their care in educational and religious settings.
118. Defendants were on notice that sexual predation and physical abuse of children was occurring in church settings and as a result of authority bestowed by the Defendants on pastors, youth ministry leaders, home group leaders and others. Yet Defendants failed to report any abuse, and instead lied and intervened to try to protect the predators from being incarcerated.
119. Defendants negligently breached duties owed to Representative Plaintiffs and the Plaintiff Class by repeatedly allowing known sexual predators unsupervised access to children at church-sponsored events or on church premises, by failing to report the abuse themselves, by directing parents not to report the abuse and by concealing the abuse from church members and authorities.
120. Defendants knew, or should have known, that making children available to sexual predators breached a duty of care owned to minors.
121. Defendants knew, or should have known, that failure to report sexual abuse and physical abuse and instead to engage in its concealment, breached a duty of care owed to minors. Defendants knew, or should have known, that state laws required the reporting of suspected sexual and physical abuse of a minor to the authorities.
122. As a direct and proximate result of this breach of duty, Representative Plaintiffs and the Plaintiff Class suffered and continue to suffer physical and emotional distress, shock, embarrassment, loss of self-esteem, disgrace, humiliation and loss of enjoyment of life; have sustained and will continue to sustain loss of earnings and earning capacity; and have incurred and will continue to incur expenses for medical and psychological treatment, therapy and counseling.
COUNT II—INTENTIONAL INFLICTION OF EMOTIONAL DISTRESS
123. All the foregoing allegations are hereby incorporated by reference in their entirety.
124. Representative Plaintiffs and the Plaintiff Class have suffered from extreme stress and severe emotional distress due to Defendants’ extreme and outrageous actions.
125. Defendants’ conduct was intentional and reckless and Defendants knew or should have known that injury and emotional distress would likely result from their conduct.
126. Defendants knew, or should have known, that failure to report abuse and engage in its concealment, breached a duty of care. Defendants knew, or should have known, that state laws required the reporting of suspected abuse of a minor to the authorities.
127. Defendants’ acts and omissions that made Representative Plaintiffs and the Plaintiff Class available to sexual predators, prevented parents from reporting, and interfered with police investigations were so extreme and outrageous that it violated human dignity.
128. As a direct and proximate result of this breach of duty, Plaintiffs and the Plaintiff Class suffered and continue to suffer physical and emotional distress, shock, embarrassment, loss of self-esteem, disgrace, humiliation and loss of enjoyment of life; have sustained and will continue to sustain loss of earnings and earning capacity; and have incurred and will continue to incur expenses for medical and psychological treatment, therapy and counseling.
COUNT III - CONSPIRACY TO OBSTRUCT JUSTICE
129. All the foregoing allegations are hereby incorporated by reference in their entirety.
130. Defendants engaged in a conspiracy with each other by agreement or understanding to not report acts of abuse, to refrain from contacting civil authorities, to conceal the sexual abuse, and to interfere with police investigations.
131. Defendants owed a duty of care arising from the operation of schools and churches.
132. Plaintiffs and the Plaintiff Class were owed a duty to be safe on Defendants' property and to be free of sexual abuse.
133. Defendants knew, or should have known, that dangerous conditions existed on their premises. They knew, or should have known, that sexual predators were allowed on their property and were placed in unsupervised rooms with minors.
134. Defendants’ knowledge was gained in sufficient time to allow Defendants to remove the sexual predators from their premises and/or to warn the Plaintiffs and the Plaintiff class. Instead, Defendants tipped off the predators, thus obstructing justice.
135. Defendants adopted policies and practices that required members to refrain from reporting crimes to secular law enforcement authorities until and instead report such crimes to Defendants.
COUNT IV - NEGLIGENT HIRING AND SUPERVISION
136. All the foregoing allegations are hereby incorporated by reference in their entirety.
137. The institutional Defendants (SGM, CLC, Fairfax Church and School) negligently retained sexual deviants to serve in capacities with authority over children. Defendants negligently failed to supervise those to whom Defendant entrusted the care of minors. Defendants routinely referees to report suspected child abuse to secular authorities, encouraged parents to refrain from seeking outside help or counsel, allowed child abusers access to minors and fostered a culture of concealment of sexual deviance.
138. Defendants actions and omissions caused injury to Plaintiffs and to the Plaintiff Class, who have suffered and continue to suffer physical and emotional distress, shock, embarrassment, loss of self-esteem, disgrace, humiliation and loss of enjoyment of life; have sustained and will continue to sustain loss of earnings and earning capacity; and have incurred and will continue to incur expenses for medical and psychological treatment, therapy and counseling.
139. Defendants’ negligence in hiring, supervising and/or retaining employees is a direct and proximate cause of injuries to Plaintiffs and Plaintiff Class.
COUNT V – MISREPRESENTATION
140. All the foregoing allegations are hereby incorporated by reference in their entirety.
Defendants owed a duty of care to Plaintiffs and the Plaintiff Class. Defendants misrepresented that they would provide a safe atmosphere for Plaintiffs and the Plaintiff Class. Defendants intended and had knowledge that their statements would be relied upon by parents. Defendants knew, however, that reliance on those statements would cause injury, since Defendants allowed sexual predators access to minors.
141. Defendants misrepresented that they would act as advocates for the victims and their families. Defendants intended and had knowledge that their statements would be relied upon by parents. Defendants knew, however, that reliance on those statements would cause injury, since Defendants acted as advocates for the perpetrators, not the victims.
142. As a direct and proximate result of Defendants’ misrepresentations, Plaintiffs and the Plaintiff Class were harmed and injured.
Plaintiffs hereby request a trial by jury on all issues.
Susan L. Burke
1000 Potomac Street, N.W.
Washington, DC 20007-1105
Telephone: (202) 386-9622
Facsimile: (202) 232-5513
William T. O'Neil
THE O'NEIL GROUP LLC
7500 Old Georgetown Road, Suite 1375
Bethesda, MD 20814
Telephone: (202) 684-7140
Facsimile: (202) 517-9179
Dated: January 11, 2013
CERTICATE OF SERVICE
I hereby certify that on January 11, 2013, I filed Plaintiff’s First Amended Complaint with the Clerk of the Court and served copies of the forging on the following counsel of record by e-mail and U.S. Mail
Smith, Daniel D.
Smith & Pugh, PLC
161 Fort Evans Road, NE
Leesburg Va 20176
Worst, Robert E.
Kalbaugh, Pfund & Messersmith, P.C.
4031 University Drive
Fairfax Va 22030
William T. O’Neil
THE O’NEIL GROUP LLC
7500 Old Georgetown Road, Suite 1375
Bethesda, MD 20814
Telephone: (202) 684-7140
Facsimile: (202) 517-9179
 Church planting involves sending groups of SGM members to begin an SGM church in a new area. Many SGM members all buy or rent houses near each other to live out their religious beliefs in a communal setting. Church planting requires members to attempt to persuade other neighbors to attend and participate in the new church.
 Defendants initially called this structure “Home Groups,” but later changed the terminology to “CareGroups.” Plaintiffs use the term “Home Groups” to encompass both “Home Groups” and “Care Groups.”
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